Terpenoids

Plant terpenoids are used extensively for their aromatic qualities and play a role in traditional herbal remedies. Terpenoids contribute to the scent of eucalyptus, the flavors of cinnamon, cloves, and ginger, the yellow color in sunflowers, and the red color in tomatoes.[2] Well-known terpenoids include citral, menthol, camphor, salvinorin A in the plant Salvia divinorum, the cannabinoids found in cannabis, ginkgolide and bilobalide found in Ginkgo biloba, and the curcuminoids found in turmeric and mustard seed.

Terpenoids and Terpenes Informational Website

Terpene Myrcene

Myrcene, specifically β-myrcene, is a monoterpene and the most common terpene produced by cannabis (some varieties contain up to 60% of the essential oil).

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Terpene Pinene

Pinene is a bicyclic monoterpenoid. Akin to its name, pinene has distinctive aromas of pine and fir. There are two structural isomers of pinene found in nature

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Terpene Camphene

Camphene, a plant-derived monoterpene, emits pungent odors of damp woodlands and fir needles. Camphene may play a critical role in cardiovascular disease.

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Terpene Terpineol

α-Terpineol, terpinen-4-ol, and 4-terpineol are three closely related monoterpenoids. The aroma of terpineol has been compared to lilacs and flower blossoms

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Terpene Carene

Terpene Carene, Delta-3-carene is a bicyclic monoterpene with a sweet, pungent odor. It is found naturally in many healthy, beneficial essential oils, including cypress oil, juniper berry oil and fir needle essential oils. Carene is a monoterpene

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Terpene Humulene

Humulene is a sesquiterpene also known as α-humulene and α–caryophyllene; an isomer of β–caryophyllene. Humulene is found in hops, cannabis sativa strains, and Vietnamese coriander, among other naturally occurring substances.

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Terpene Limonene

Limonene is a monocyclic monoterpenoid and one of two major compounds formed from pinene. As the name suggests, varieties high in limonene have strong citrusy smells like oranges, lemons and limes.

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Terpene Caryophyllene

Beta-caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene found in many plants such as Thai basils, cloves, cinnamon leaves and black pepper, and in minor quantities in lavender. It’s aroma has been described as peppery, woody and/or spicy.

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Terpene Phellandrene

Phellandrene is described as pepperminty, with a slight scent of citrus. Phellandrene is believed to have special medicinal values.

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Terpene Geraniol

Geraniol produces a sweet, delightful smell similar to roses. This makes geraniol a popular choice for many bath and body products.

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Terpene Terpinolene

Terpinolene is a common component of sage and rosemary and is found in the oil derived from Monterey cypress.

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Terpene Valencene

Terpene Valencene contributes to the citrus odor of cannabis. The effects of Valencene are being researched.

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Terpene Pulegone

Pulegone, a monocyclic monoterpenoid, is a minor component of cannabis. Higher concentrations of pulegone are found in rosemary.

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Terpene Linalool

Linalool is a non-cyclic monoterpenoid and has been described as having floral and lavender undertones. Varieties high in linalool promote calming, relaxing effects.

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Terpene Bisabolol

Terpene Bisabolol has been widely used in the cosmetics industry, bisabolol has more recently become the subject of research for the medical benefits.

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Terpene Sabinene

Sabinene which is also known as Sabinen or Sabenene is a compound present in a variety of plants such as black pepper, nutmeg, Norway spruce and Holm oak among others. Sabinene is a bicyclic monoterpene.

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CB1 Receptor

The cannabinoid receptor type 1, often abbreviated as CB1, is a G protein-coupled cannabinoid receptor located primarily in the central and peripheral nervous system.

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CB2 Receptor

The cannabinoid receptor type 2, abbreviated as CB2, is a G protein-coupled receptor from the cannabinoid receptor family that in humans is encoded by the CNR2 gene.

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AMAZING FEATURES

The cannabis plant consists of a wide variety of chemicals and compounds. About 140 of these belong to a large class of aromatic organic hydrocarbons known as terpenes (pronounced tur-peens). You may have also heard people talk about terpenoids. The words terpene and terpenoid are increasingly used interchangeably, although these terms do have different meanings. The main difference between terpenes and terpenoids is that terpenes are hydrocarbons (meaning the only elements present are carbon and hydrogen); whereas, terpenoids have been denatured by oxidation (drying and curing the flowers) or chemically modified.

Industry Info

Recognizing which products have full-spectrum terpene profiles is of particular interest when trying to replicate the effects and flavor of your favorite flower. When consumed through vaporization, terpenes have exclusive effects independent of cannabinoids. Even more fascinating is what transpires when terpenes are transported in tandem with cannabinoids like THC and CBD.

This entourage effect determines full-spectrum terpene charts much more emblematic of the original cannabis strain's personality, guarantee that the body receives the same rate of terpenes and cannabinoids that would come from the cannabis flora itself. This safeguards the integrity of the original plant's flavor, results, and therapeutic potential. Entourage Nutritional and Folium Biosciences are a Colorado Springs, CO based B2B CBD Oil Wholesaler and the leaders in Terpene research and production. They go to great lengths to preserve the integrity of the strain’s original personality by offering full-spectrum terpene extracts. Alternatively, Entourage also produces other terpene products that are considered non-full spectrum extracts, which serve largely as flavoring additives.